Web Development Basic HTML, CSS, JavaScript In Simple Term For Beginners

Understanding the Web Basics

To comprehend these building blocks, let’s start with a basic understanding of the internet and the web. The internet is essentially a network of computers communicating to send and receive information. Each computer on the internet is identified by a unique number called an IP address.

The web, a subset of the internet, consists of two main components: the web browser (client) and the web server. The client requests data, and the server shares or serves its data through an agreement known as the Application Programming Interface (API).

HTML: Structuring Web Pages

HTML, or Hyper Text Markup Language, is like the language used to provide detailed instructions on how a web page should look and be structured. Think of it as creating a blueprint for your webpage.

In HTML, you structure your page using elements such as paragraphs, headings, and navigation bars. Here’s a simple example of an HTML document:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <!-- Meta tags and stylesheets go here -->
  <!-- Content of the webpage goes here -->

Each element serves a purpose, from headings (h1, h2, h3) to paragraphs (p) and lists (ul, li). Attributes like id help identify elements for further reference.

CSS: Designing and Styling

While HTML structures your page, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) add design and style. CSS is like the skin and appearance of your webpage. It allows you to set colors, backgrounds, fonts, margins, and more.

For instance, the following CSS code changes the background color of different heading levels and emphasizes a paragraph:

h1 {
background-color: #ff0000; /* Red */

h2 {
background-color: #0000FF; /* Blue */

h3 {
background-color: #00FF00; /* Green */

em {
background-color: #000000; /* Black */
color: #ffffff; /* White text on black background */

JavaScript: Adding Interactivity

Now, if HTML is the blueprint and CSS is the design, JavaScript is the programming language. JavaScript adds interactivity to your webpage, allowing you to make elements react to user actions.

For example, let’s say you want to add two numbers and display the result when a button is clicked. Here’s how you can do it in JavaScript:

function displaySum() {
let firstNum = Number(document.getElementById('firstNum').innerHTML);
let secondNum = Number(document.getElementById('secondNum').innerHTML);

let total = firstNum + secondNum;
document.getElementById("answer").innerHTML = `${firstNum} + ${secondNum}, equals to ${total}`;

document.getElementById('sumButton').addEventListener("click", displaySum);

JavaScript accesses HTML elements through the Document Object Model (DOM) and performs actions based on user interactions.

Bringing It All Together

To build a website, you combine HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. HTML structures the content, CSS makes it visually appealing, and JavaScript adds functionality. When you link multiple web pages with hyperlinks, along with assets like images and videos, it transforms into a website.

In conclusion, as a web developer, your primary languages are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. HTML structures, CSS designs, and JavaScript programs. These languages are the backbone of the web, forming the basis for creating engaging and interactive websites.

So, that’s a simplified breakdown of the essential components of web development. If you’re just starting, this foundation will pave the way for your exciting journey into the world of web development!

HTML & CSS: Design and Build Websites